Buying Guide

LED Lighting Guide

4th October 2019       Lighting Division

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What is an LED?

Simply put, an LED, or Light Emitting Diode, is a diode that is a semiconductor device that is chip-mounted in a reflector cup and held in place by a milled steel frame connected to a pair of electrical wires. When current flows across the junction of the two different materials, light is produced from within the solid crystal chip.

LEDs provide a longevity that is up to 10 times that of standard incandescent lamps, translating to low maintenance. LEDs are solid-state devices, meaning no moving parts, glass or filaments to break. LEDs are small in size and resistant to vibration or shock. LEDs contain no mercury and are environmentally friendly. LEDs are more efficient, using up to 90% less energy than other light sources based on watts.

The advancement of LED technology has led to the tremendous diversity of LED products and reduction of product costs. LED has become so versatile that we can now mimic traditional fixture envelops as well as create new products with advanced optical powers.Today's LED products encompass every aspect of new and traditional lighting products. LED today is now the norm for all lighting applications.

LED Features

1. Energy Savings

  • There is a lot of talk about the efficiency of LED lighting. Here is an example of the efficiency and savings you can expect by switching to LED if you have 10 fixtures that are on 4380 hours per year:
Energy Savings Formula

2. Incentive Programs

  • When you choose energy efficient LED products, both BC Hydro and Energy Efficiency Alberta have incentive programs to help lower customer costs. E.B. Horsman & Son's staff can help you to apply for those inventives.

3. Eco-Friendly

  • Anything that uses traditional energy (electricity) automatically produces greenhouse gases which contribute to global warming. Energy-saving LED lights use less energy to produce the same light output, which means you not only save money on your Hydro bill, but also do your part for the environment.
  • LED lights have a lifetime that is up to 10 times longer than traditional lights. This allows you to replace LEDs less frequently than traditional lights, meaning you save money and reduce your light disposal and waste.

4. Total Cost of Ownership

  • Understanding total cost of ownership is key when considering LED products. Initially LEDs are more expensive but beacuse of their efficiency, they are less expensive to run overtime. Furthermore, the life of LED products is up to 10x longer compared to traditional products.

5. CRI Accuracy and Coloour Temperature

  • Colour Rendering Index (CRI) is the quantitative measure of how accurately a light is rendering colour when compared to a perfect reference light. It is measured in percent, the higher the percentage the more accurate the colour rendering.
LED Color Temp Chart

Still Not Convinced That A LED Solution Is Right For You? Here Are Our Solutions!

CONCERN 1: Understanding Lighting Levels for LED

Are you not sure what LED products replace traditional lighting products?

SOLUTION: E.B. Horsman & Son has trained staff in LED products.Our staff will guide you through replacing traditional lighting products with LED products to ensure existing lighting levels are comparable or exceeded.

CONCERN 2: Control

Wondering if standard lighting dimming controls work with LED lighting?

SOLUTION: Small amount of LED sources can be controlled with existing triac dimmers, but most integrated LED products require different forms of dimming to be able to control. Talk to your EBH representative about what products are required to dim your LED.


Are you wondering if the total cost of ownership worth it for your application?

SOLUTION:Higher cost LED products are actually less expensive over time versus traditional products. Ask our technical experts for a quote and your expected cost savings today!

CONCERN 2: Aesthetics

The switch from traditional to modern LED fixture-design

SOLUTION:The design of LED-fixtures is key to how LED technology is applied to illuminate specific areas because of LEDs directionality and high intensity. LED products are specially designed with the intent to produce similar lighting levels if done right. Our trained staff can help you with these aesthetics so you will not notice a change in the switch.

Lighting Terminology 101

LM70 and LM80 Quality Assessment

LM79 and LM80 are testing methods by the Illuminating Engineering Society of North America (IESNA) that provide electrical and photometric measurements of LED products to assess LED chip quality and the LED luminaire as a whole system.

Without LM79 or LM80, you cannot get a true LED Hour Life of your fixture.

CRI Accuracy

Colour Rendering Index (CRI) is a quantitative measure of how accurately a light is rendering colour when compared to a perfect reference light. It is measured in percent, the higher the percentage the more accurate the colour rendering is.

LED Hour Life

The life of an LED is measured statistically via the LM79 and LM80 testing methods. It is measured as the percentage of light output over time and represented by LP. For example, an LED light with L70 > 100,000 hour life implies that the LED light will have 70% of its original light output at the 100,000 hour. Although, one should keep in mind that the limiting life factor in an LED fixture is the driver, which is traditionally rated up to 100,000 hours.

IP Rating

Ingress or International Protection (IP) rating classifies the degrees of protection provided against solid objects and water in electrical enclosures. First digit indicates the protection against solids and second digit for protection against water. Click here for full IP Chart.


  •  Innovation

    Our lighting suppliers (Philips, Eaton Lighting Solutions, RAB, Beghelli, Lightheaded, Standard, and many others) are world leaders in the lighting industry and some with more than 100 years of experience. We trust their products and are always looking for the latest innovative and energy-efficient LED products they have. When you buy LED lighting from E.B. Horsman & Son, we guarantee you the best and latest products from our suppliers.

  •  Quality from a Reputable Manufacturer

    E.B. Horsman & Son chooses products from trusted manufacturers such as Philips Lighting, and Eaton’s Cooper Lighting to make sure that you receive products with the high quality you need. Product life and expectancy testing has been done (LM79, LM80) as well as CRI accuracy. Each component of LED lighting is sustainably manufactured to high standards to ensure robust and long-lasting performance.

  •  Right product for the right application

    Understanding your needs and how to use LED products to fulfill your needs is key to choosing the right LED product. Verify control type, voltage and mounting requirements prior to your purchase. Ask your EBH representative about which LED products match your needs.

  •  Unlimited Support

    E.B. Horsman & Son is dedicated to answering your questions and challenges. We want to ensure you are satisfied with the products we sell.

Need help designing and selecting products for your next lighting project?

 Contact Us Shop Lighting Now

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